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Operational Safety

Operational Safety

PREPARATION FOR SITE MOBILIZATION

This must be carefully planned at least one week to the start of a given project; the equipment required would be listed and checked for their state of repair and the provisions for safety. Personnel shall be medically examined and certified fit by a doctor in client’s approved clinic. A site safety plan will be written. Use of protective devices while in field work to protect unnecessary contact with samples is the basic policy of the company. These also include using preventive laboratory measures to avoid contact with reagents and other corrosive substances using trained manpower with work capacity and experience. On off-shore study, staff are to adhere to all rules of vessels including boarding principles and abstinence from alcohol and mind altering substances.

 SAFETY EQUIPMENT

  • Safety boots/shoes
  • Hard hats
  • Goggle, shield
  • Respirators and dust filters
  • Portable fire extinguishers
  • Caution signs
  • First aid box and register, etc

 SAFETY TO THE JOB SITE

Route to the site will be planned and inspected during the movement of equipment and material to the site, every precaution must be taken to get to the site safely.

If journey is by watercraft, all personnel must wear their life vest when travelling on open decks. No passenger shall be carried on open vans; such as tippers, trailers, pick-up van, etc. All road signs must be obeyed.

 SAFETY CONDUCT ON SITE JOBS

To avoid accidents and injuries, every staff is expected to maintain safe conduct on site jobs. Every job will be carried out in accordance with recommended safe practices.

 OPERATORS

The age range of the operators can be between 18 years and above and must be familiar with operation and maintenance of the machine. Every worker must attend safety briefing before commencing job.

 SAFETY AT LOCATION AFTER JOB

At completion of construction work, all equipment shall be cleared ready to be moved back to base or next site. The procedure shall follow that drawn mobilization at base for the job. No debris shall be left at work site after the job.

 SAFETY FROM THE JOB

The procedure for moving equipment shall be followed in moving equipment, materials and personnel back to base. On arrival at base, all equipments and materials shall be unloaded following the procedure laid down for loading. All equipment shall be in their designated areas, checked, serviced and preserved ready for the next job.

 FIRST AID

First aid is the first help or assistance given to the injured person who took ill suddenly before taking to the hospital.

 OBJECT OF FIRST AID

  • To save life
  • To prevent further injury
  • To aid recovery

 QUALITIES OF A GOOD FIRST AIDER

  • Observant
  • Resourceful
  • Sympathetic
  • Gentle
  • Cheerful

 PRINCIPLE OF FIRST AID

  • Do first things first, quickly, methodically without panic.
  • Give artificial respiration if pulse is on and breathing has stopped.
  • Stop bleeding if necessary.
  • Guard against or treat for shock by moving the patient as little as possible and handle him gently.
  • Do not attempt too much –do the minimum that is essential to save life and prevent the condition from worsening.
  • Reassure the casualty and those around and so help to lesson anxiety.
  • Do not allow people to crowd around, as fresh air is essential.
  • Do not remove clothes unnecessarily.
  • Arrange for the removal of the casualty to the hospital as soon as possible.

 LIFTING APPLIANCES

Accidents involving in lifting appliances features regularly in construction accident statistics. Those involving cranes are in the majority of cases caused by driver error, therefore, the necessary of having trained competent drivers cannot be over stressed.

 Tower Cranes

  • All tower cranes other than mobile tower cranes are supplied erected on sit and mute be overload tested on site prior to being used.
  • Appropriate load radius chart or diagram, load radius flags and sage load indicator must be fixed. The machine must be equipped with an efficient wind speed indicator. The operator must be checked for competency, and where the operator is not in possession of a current eyesight test certificate of fitness, arrangement should be made to have these examinations carried out and repeated annually.
  • It is imperative that, where a driver during any operation can not kept the load in full view at all times, a competent bank man suitably dresses with a reflective jacket or sleeves must be in charge of all operations.
  • All conditions where the movement of a load may be affected by wind, tail ropes should be fitted and used.

 WORK OVER WATER

When persons are required to work adjacent to, or over water, there is an obvious risk of drowning. Steps must therefore be taken to

  • Prevent falls of persons into the water.
  • Provide adequate rescue and first aid facilities.

During construction operations, any edge of any working place form which a person could fall into water and frown must be provided with guards’ rails and the toe boards

Lifebuoys fitted with approximately 90ft. (27.43M) of buoyant rope must be positioned at the water edge at intervals not exceeding 150ft. (45.72M).

If any person can fall more that 30ft, (5.096M) into the water additional rope must be added to the lifebuoy to compensate for any additional increase in height. At the commencement of each shift, the working area must be checked to ensure that lifebuoys are in position and the ropes are in satisfactory condition.

If there is any risk of displacement of the decking to any part of the working platform, by wind or water, the decking must be secured in such a way as to prevent displacement. Platforms must be kept clear of unnecessary material and at all times clear passage way of not les than 25 inches (640 MM) must be maintained. Care must be taken to avoid any accumulation of oil, sea weed, seagull dropping etc, on platform.

All vertical metal access ladders must be fitted with protective bops commencing at a distance of an 8ft (2.440M) from the bottom of the ladder. Rest platforms must be provided at intervals of 60ft. (9.14M).

RESCUE AND WORKING BOATS ETC

All rescue craft must be seaworthy and maintained in a satisfactory condition. Any craft used for the carriage of persons must be at least 14ft. (4.2M) long. All floating platforms must be fitted with guard rails and all work boats having a deck level with gun wales shall be fitted in a likewise manner. No overloading of any craft is permitted and a minimum of 18 inches (460M) free board must always be maintained.

All craft must be fitted with a notice specifying the maximum number of person, or maximum load to be carried. Every effort must be made to ensure that craft remains on an even keel at all times.

Where rescue boats are required during the hours of darkness, suitable spotlights must be fitted.

Rescue boats must be manned continuously during the period that any person is working over water and when not patrolling they must be started to ensure that the engine is maintained in good working order. Depending on the type of craft and circumstance prevailing, it may be necessary to have a boat manned by two persons during rescue operations.

WELDING AND CUTTING

Common Hazards

Electric areas and gas flames both produce ultraviolet ad infrared rays, which have a harmful effect on the eyes and skin. Arc welding operation should be isolated so that other workers will not be exposed to either direct or reflect rays. Walls, ceilings and other inner surfaces of workshops should have a dull finish.

FIRE PROTECTION

It is advisable to require written permit to work and Hot Work Permit issued by the welding supervisor before welding or cutting operations are stared in hazardous locations.

If it is necessary to weld or cut to wood construction or near combustible material which can not be removed or protected, small fire hose, water pump, tank extinguisher or fire pails should be conveniently located. Portable extinguishers against class B and C fires should be located.

A fire watcher equipped with suitable fire extinguisher should be stationed at or near welding or cutting operations to see that sparks do not lodge in floor cracks or pas through floor or wall openings. The fire watch should be continued at least thirty minutes (30 minutes) after the job is completed to make sure that smoldering fires have not started.

HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS

Welding and cutting operations should not be permitted in or near rooms containing flammable or combustible vapors, liquids or dusts or on or inside closed tanks or other containers, which have held such materials until all fire and explosion hazards have been eliminated. Ventilation should be frequent and gas testing monitored at intervals.

WELDING IN SAFETY

  • For work above 5ft use a platform with railings or safety belt or lifeline
  • Respiratory protection should be worn and a safety harness with attached lifeline for work in confined spaces such as tanks and pressure vessels. A similarly equipped helper whose duty is to observe the welder or cutter and affect rescue in any emergency should tend the lifeline.
  • Take special precautions if welding or cutting in confined space is stopped for some time. Disconnect the power on any welding or cutting units and remove the electrodes from the holder.
  • Turn off the torch valves on gas welding or cutting units. Shut off gas supply at a point outside the confined space and if possible remove the torch and hose from the area.
  • After welding or cutting is completed, mark “Hot Metal” or post a warning sign to keep away workers from heated surface.
  • Follow safe housekeeping principles. Don’t throw electrodes or rod stubs on the floor-discard them in the proper waste container
  • Keep tools and other tripping hazards off the floor –put them in a safe storage area.

FIRE PREVENTION

  • No smoking areas will be clearly defined, including areas where flammable liquids or substances are used.
  • Adequate separation will be made between non-smoking and other areas.
  • Chemicals/flammable liquid stored clearly marked ‘no smoking’ ‘Highly flammable liquids.
  • Chemicals/flammable liquid containers kept in the approved store when not in use.
  • Safe containers for the movement of small quantities of chemical/flammable liquid.
  • Where necessary, adequate earthling facility will be fitted.
  • Earthling connections will be maintained in good conditions

SECURITY

The incorporation of security system in the CASHES plans and objectives of the company is higher commendable, to improve on the safety of personnel and property in the company. In order to maintain a high standard of security system in our field of operation, main yard and other working sites, the company has decided on the following steps:

  • To employ full-time security personnel’s/agents to monitor the entire security of plants and equipments within all working areas and offices.
  • To ensure that any personnel on any specific area of operation have the appropriate identification card with him and to show identification.
  • To ensure that all entries to the working sites and offices are well monitored by use of tag system or signing of security register.
  • The company shall provide adequate security lights surrounding it especially at night.
  • There will be provision of emergency alarm system to inform personnel of any emergency including fire outbreak and robber.
  • All security personnel shall be trained on emergency and contingency procedures to follow during an emergency.
  • Security as a department in Management shall be fully represented during CASHES committee meeting.
  • The head of security shall head sub-committee meeting on security.
  • All security personnel shall be certified fit for the job with security experience for some years.
  • Induction course on CASHES shall include the security workers.
  • Important matters associated with the security of the company shall be treated in CASHES meeting in-house and at sites with set down procedures to implement them.
  • All security personnel shall be properly informed on what to do in case of armed robbery.
  • The company shall register with the police public relation committee meetings in its area and shall be attended by the head of the security or his representative.
  • All security personnel shall be induced to work as safety officers by highlighting on the inherent hazards surrounding the working environment and security of lives and properties.
  • All plans and programme associated to the security of this organization shall continue to be monitored and deliberated on in future as progress and improvement are achieved.
  • All security personnel shall be informed on the line of communication to follow in case of an emergency.

In continuation with the already stated security plans and procedures more efforts to improve upon the existing security system with the company shall be emphasized in the following steps:

  • All staff shall endeavour to wear their ID cards while in the company premises, offices and sites.
  • All contractors provided with ID cards and day passes should have them on before admitted into the office by the receptionist or the security personnel.
  • The security personnel be instructed to turn away all person(s) who do not possess the authorized ID card or day passes.
  • Checking at the gates shall be a continuous exercise on both staff and visitors and are expected to submit to spot check carried out by security personnel/gates through the gates.
  • Gate passes must be issued and obtained to cover materials being carried out of the premises and sites.
  • To minimize stealing within the premises, hawking shall be prohibited within the company premises, offices and sites.

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